Myanmar, also called Burma, is a country lying along the eastern coasts of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea in south-east Asia. It is often recognized by the world as The Golden Land for its rich of land and wealth of its minerals and agriculture. It is also enriched with significant cultural tradition, great natural beauty and an amazingly eventful history more than 2,500 years of Buddhist civilization.
A short profile
- Country: republic of the union of Myanmar
- Cities: The Myanmar’s capital is Naypyidaw, which is the third largest city in Myanmar. The biggest city is Yangon, and the second one is Mandalay.
- Population: 53.99 million (2011), 135 ethnic groups; 3/4 of the population are rural inhabitants, with the remaining population living in urban Yangon, Mandalay and Moulmein. About 2/3 of Myanmar's population are Burman. Of the minorities, the Karen and the Shan groups which together make up less than 10% of Myanmar's population are considered to be the two most important ones.
- Area: 676,578 km2, which makes it the 40th largest country in the world
- Land Borders: China on the northeast, Laos on the east, Thailand on the southeast, Bangladesh on the west, and India on the northwest
- Sea Borders: the Bay of Bengal on the southwest
- Climate: Tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (December to April).
- Geography: the territory has central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands.
- Language: official language is Burmese; other recognized regional language: Jingpho, Kayah, Karen, Chin, Mon, Rakhine, Shan.
- Religion: 89% of the population embraces Buddhism. 4% practices Christianity; 4%, Islam; 1%, traditional animistic beliefs; and 2% follow other religions, including Mahayana Buddhism, Hinduism, East Asian religions and the Bahá'í Faith.
- Government: Myanmar has nominally civilian regime comprised primarily of former senior military officers, but currently, the country is aim at achieving the democratic political system. Over a recent decade, a plenty of portfolios have been invested in the country in many fields, especially in developing the travel and tourism potential.
- National flag:
- Economy: agriculture-based economy, the world's second-largest producer of illicit opium – amounting to 5% of the world's total
- Festival: Myanmar has one festival at least every month of the year. Some are religions festivals, others seasonal. The main festival of this country is the Naga New Year, which is a Thanksgiving celebration to Mother Nature expecting a better harvest year after, annually celebrated in January. The festival of Thadinkyut (light festival) marks the end of the Buddhist lent and the Thingyan (water Festival) for dry season.
Official Holidays are:
||Armed Forces Day
||May Day (Workers’ Day)